Subj:     MATH PROB. - Train Bridge (S447b)
          From: William Wu of U. C. Berkeley
          At: http://www.ocf.berkeley.edu/~wwu/riddles/intro.shtml
 Source: http://www.ocf.berkeley.edu/~wwu/riddles/easy.shtml#trainBridge

 A man is 3/8's of the way across a train bridge, when he
 hears the whistle of an approaching train behind him. It
 turns out that he can run in either direction and just
 barely make it off the bridge before getting hit.  If he
 is running at 15 mph, how fast is the train traveling?
 Assume the train travels at a constant speed, despite
 seeing you on the tracks.

=================================================================
 Jack's solution:

I did this very differently than your formal solution
(mostly because I was looking for a way to do it in my head):

If I run towards the train I cover 3/8 the length of the bridge
just as the train arrives.  If I run the other way, I'm at the
3/8+3/8=3/4 point as the train arrives at the start.  Therefore
I cover 1/4 of the bridge while the train covers the whole thing,
so the train is moving 4x my speed => 60mph.

Thank you Jack.  I could not imagine how you could do this problem
without a solid knowledge of at least Algebra II.

==================================================================
 My solution:

Let  X = the width of the bridge
         and
   Y = the distance the train is from the bridge at the start
         and
   R = the rate of the train

Distance equals Rate times Time  ( D = R x T )

  or

Time equals Distance divided by Rate  ( T = D/R )

Therefore

Time 1 of train = time of man returning  ( Y / R  = 3/8 (X) / 15  )

  and

Time 2 of train = time of man going forward (  (Y + X)/R = 5/8 (X) / 15 )

That's two equations and three unknowns, but it solves.

Cross multiplying yields

15 Y  = 3/8 X R   and  15 Y  +  15 X  =  5/8 X R

Substitute the 15 Y from the first equation into the second yields

3/8 X R + 15 X = 5/8 X R

Divide everywhere by X.

3/8 X + 15 = 5/8 X

15 = 1/4 X

60 mph = X

The train is going 60 mph no matter the width of the bridge.

The only reason I worked the problem was the site host's statement
that the problem came from a 7th grade pre-algebra book.  I would
be curious to see how anyone worked the problem without knowing
Algebra II.