..........(cf,md4,14)
.
 
. .
.
Subj:   Still 9 More Bridge Challenges
 

From the book How To Defend A Bridge Hand
              by William S. Root
              Published in 1994 by
              Crown Publishing, Inc., New York

See if you can find optimum line of play.
 

The Bridge Cartoon comes from For Bridge Players
Topics
Joker comes from DotPattern.com

 #1 - Opening Leads Chapter 1
 #2 - More Opening Leads from Chapter 1
 #3 - Still More Opening Leads from Chapter 1
 #4 - Still More Opening Leads from Chapter 1, Part 4
 #5 - Still More Opening Leads from Chapter 1, Part 5
 #6 - Still More Opening Leads from Chapter 1, Part 6
 #7 - Still More Opening Leads from Chapter 1, Part 7
 #8 - Still More Opening Leads from Chapter 1, Part 8
 #9 - Still More Opening Leads from Chapter 1, Part 9

.
========================================================================

Subj:     Opening Leads Chapter 1 (S531c)
          From Chapter 1 - "Opening Leads", page 35

Study the bidding carefully and then choose your opening
lead for each of the following hands.
 
 
1. West
10 9 8 4
10 6 5 4 2
A 3
K 3
West

Pass

North

3 NT

East
Pass
All Pass
South
1 NT


 
2. West
Q J 10 7
Q 6 3
J 4
9 8 4 2
West

Pass

North
1 Spade
6 NT
East
Pass
All Pass
South
2 NT


 
3. West
K J 2
7 6
9 8 5 3 2
J 10 9
West

Pass
Pass

North
1 Club
3 Clubs
4 Hearts
East
Pass
Pass
All Pass
South
1 Heart
3 Hearts


 
4. West
A 3
J 10 9 8
7 6 4 2
A 8 5
West

Pass
Pass
Pass

North

2 Diamonds
3 Spades
Pass

East

Pass
Pass
Pass

South
1 Spade
3 Diamonds
4 Spades


 
5. West
J 5 2
A Q 10 8
Q J 10 9
6 3
West

Pass
Pass
Pass

North

2 Clubs
2 Spades
4 Spades

East

Pass
Pass
All Pass

South
1 Spade
2 Hearts
3 Hearts


 
6. West
10 8 6 3
J 2
A Q 9 8
9 5 4
West

Pass

North
1 Club
3 NT
East
Pass
All Pass
South
2 NT

 


 
7. West
Q J 10 3
6
J 7 6 4
Q 10 9 8
West

Pass
Pass
Pass

North
1 Diamond
3 Hearts
5 Hearts
Pass
East
Pass
Pass
Pass
Double
South
1 Heart
4 NT
6 Hearts
All Pass


 
8. West
K 7 4
5 4
10 9 8 7 3
A 6 2
West

Pass
Pass
Pass
Pass

North
1 Club
3 Clubs
4 Hearts
5 Diamonds
Pass
East
Pass
Pass
Pass
Pass
Pass
South
1 Heart
3 Hearts
4 NT
6 Hearts

 

Figure out a strategy and then click 'HERE'for William's solution.

                            \\\// 
                           -(o o)- 
========================oOO==(_)==OOo=======================

Subj:     More Opening Leads from Chapter 1 (S532c)
          From Chapter 1 - "Opening Leads", page 5

Study the bidding carefully and then choose your opening
lead for each of the following hands.
 
 
1. West
8 7 5 2
4 3
A Q J 9
J 8 7
West

Pass

North

3 NT

East
Pass
All Pass
South
1 NT


 
2. West
8 7 5 2
Q 4 3
9 7 6
J 8 7
West

Pass

North

3 NT

East

All Pass

South
1 NT


 
3. West
9 7 5 4
4 3
A Q J 9
J 8 7
West

Pass
 

North

3 NT
 

East

All Pass
 

South
1 NT


 
4. West
9 8 7 5 3
6 5 2
A Q
10 5 4
West

Pass
 

North

3 NT
 

East

All Pass
 

South
1 NT


 
5. West
Q 10 7 6 3
9 5
A 8
Q J 10 5
West

Pass
Pass

North

2 NT
Pass

East

Pass
Pass

South
1 NT
3 NT


 
6. West
9 7 2
A 10 4 3
7 4 3
8 6 5
West

Pass

North

3 NT
 

East

All Pass

South
1 NT

 


 
7. West
9 7 2
A 10 4 3
7 4 3
8 6 5
West

Pass
Pass

North
1 Club
3 Clubs
Pass
East
Pass
Pass
Pass
South
1 Diamond
3 NT
.

.
8. West
8 5
K 5 2
A 8 5 3
Q 7 6 4
West

Pass
Pass

North

1 Spade
3 NT

East

Pass
All Pass
 

South
1 Heart
1 NT
.

.
9. West
10 8 6 3
J 2
A Q 10 8
9 5 4
West

Pass

North

3 NT

East

All Pass

South
1 NT
.
 
 

Figure out a strategy and then click 'HERE' for William's solution.
 

                            \\\// 
                           -(o o)- 
========================oOO==(_)==OOo=======================

Subj:     Still More Opening Leads from Chapter 1 (S533c)
          From Chapter 1 - "Opening Leads", page 9

Study the bidding carefully and then choose your opening
lead for each of the following hands.
 
 
1. West
Q 9 5 3
6 4
Q 9 7 6
K 10 8
West

Pass

North

3 NT

East
Pass
All Pass
South
1 NT


 
2. West
10 9 7
Q 5 2
10 9 5
8 6 4 3
West

Pass
Pass
Pass

North

1 Heart
2 NT
Pass

East

Pass
Pass
Pass

South
1 Club
1 NT
3 NT


 
3. West
7 2
J 10
9 8 6 4 3
10 8 7 5
West

Pass
Pass
 

North

2 NT
Pass
 

East

Pass
Pass
 

South
1 NT
3 NT


 
4. West
Q 9 8 2
K 10 3
J 7
K 10 6 5
West

Pass
Pass
 

North
1 Club
1 Spade
Pass
East
Pass
Pass
Pass
South
1 Heart
1 NT


 
5. West
Q J 10 2
A 5 4
J 10 9
J 8 6
West

Pass
Pass

North
1 Club
1 Spade
Pass
East
Pass
Pass
Pass
South
1 Heart
1 NT


 
6. West
Q J 9 3
7 4 2
Q J 7 2
A 8
West

Pass
Pass

North

2 Clubs
3 NT
 

East

Pass
All Pass

South
1 NT
2 Hearts

 


 
7. West
8 5
Q 10 7 6 3
A 9 2
K 7 4
West

Pass
Pass

North

2 Clubs
3 NT

East

Pass
All Pass

South
1 NT
2 Hearts
.

.
8. West
7 6
8 7 2
A 5 4
K J 9 6 3
West

Pass
Pass

North

1 Spade
3 NT

East

Pass
All Pass
 

South
1 Club
2 NT
.

.
9. West
7 6
K J 9 6 3
A 5 4
8 7 2
West

Pass
Pass

North

1 Spade
3 NT

East

Pass
All Pass

South
1 Heart
1 NT
.
 
 

Figure out a strategy and then click 'HERE' for William's solution.
 

                            \\\// 
                           -(o o)- 
========================oOO==(_)==OOo=======================

Subj:     Still More Opening Leads from Chapter 1, Part 4 (S534c)
          From Chapter 1 - "Opening Leads", page 11

Study the bidding carefully and then choose your opening
lead for each of the following hands.
 
 
1. West
7 6
A 9 5
9 8 2
Q J 10 4 3
West

Pass
Pass

North

1 Heart
3 NT

East
Pass
Pass
All Pass
South
1 Club
1 NT

When to Lead Your Partner's Bid Suit

When your partner has been in the bidding, it is generally right to lead his suit.  Do not be discouraged when one or both opponents bid notrump after his bid.  For example:
 
2. West
8 6 3 2
Q 7 4
10 3
J 9 8 2
West

Pass

North
1 Diamond
3 NT
East
1 Heart
All Pass
South
2 NT


 
3. West
Q J 10 7 2
9 5
10 9 8 4
8 3
West

Pass

North
1 Heart
3 NT
East
2 Clubs
All Pass
South
2 NT


 
4. West
J 10 9 7 5
K 8 2
9 6 3
7 4
West
Pass
Pass
Pass
North
Pass
2 NT
Pass
East
1 Club
Pass
Pass
South
1 NT
3 NT

When an Opponent Bids Three Notrump
over his Partner's Preemptive Bid

Lead from strength, rather than length.  For example:
 
5. West
Q J 10 9 3
8 4 2
A K 6
7 5
West

Pass

North
3 Clubs
Pass
East
Pass
Pass
South
3 NT


 
6. West
A Q 5
J 10 9 7 2
5
Q 6 4 3
West

Pass

North

Pass
 

East

Pass

South
3 NT

Leads Versus Notrump Slams

When your opponents bid six or seven notrump, the strategy is to choose the safest lead, the one least likely to give away a trick.  For example:
 
7. West
K 9 8 7 3
10 4
10 7 5
J 10 2
West

Pass

North

6 NT

East

All Pass

South
2 NT
.

.
8. West
A 10 5 2
10 8 3
6 5 4
8 7 6
West

Pass

North

6 NT

East

All Pass

South
1 NT
.
 
 

Figure out a strategy and then click 'HERE' for William's solution.
 

                            \\\// 
                           -(o o)- 
========================oOO==(_)==OOo=======================

Subj:     Still More Opening Leads from Chapter 1, Part 5 (S535c)
          From Chapter 1 - "Opening Leads", page 15

Study the bidding carefully and then choose your opening
lead for each of the following hands.
 

Lead-Directing Doubles

Sometimes your partner can help you make the winning opening lead by a "lead- directing double."  Here are three illustrations showing what you should lead when your partner has made a lead-directing double in a notrump contract.
 
1. West
7 6 4
Q J 10 9
8 4 3
9 5 2
West

Pass
Pass

North

2 Clubs
3 NT

East

Double
All Pass

South
1 NT
2 Diamonds


 
2. West
Q 10 7 4 2
7
J 10 9 6
7 5 3
West

Pass
Pass
Pass

North

1 Heart
2 NT
Pass

East

Pass
Pass
Double

South
1 Diamond
1 NT
3 NT
All Pass


 
3. West
J 10 9 7 5
K 8 2
9 6 3
7 4
West
Pass
Pass
Pass
North
Pass
2 NT
Pass
East
1 Club
Pass
Double
South
1 NT
3 NT
All Pass

Passive Leads Versus Trump Contracts

In the next five deals you are looking for the safest possible lead.
 
4. West
Q 6 3
Q J 7
K 9 5 2
J 10 9
West

Pass
Pass

North

3 Spades
Pass

East

Pass
Pass

South
1 Spade
4 Spades


 
5. West
A J 6 3
Q 9 5
Q 8 4
J 6 2
West

Pass

North

2 Hearts

East

All Pass

South
1 Heart


 
6. West
10 9 8
Q 8 4
A 7 5 2
K 7 3
West

Pass

North

2 Spades
 

East

All Pass

South
1 Spade


 
7. West
7
Q J 10 9
A 7 5 2
J 6 4 3
West

Pass
Pass
Pass

North

1 Heart
3 Spades
Pass

East

Pass
Pass
Pass

South
1 Club
1 Spade
4 Spades
.

.
8. West
J 6
Q J 7 4
A J 10 8
Q 9 2
West

Pass
Pass
Pass

North
1 Club
1 Heart
3 Spades
4 Spades
East
Pass
Pass
Pass
All Pass
South
1 Diamond
1 Spade
3 NT

 

Figure out a strategy and then click 'HERE' for William's solution.
 

                            \\\// 
                           -(o o)- 
========================oOO==(_)==OOo=======================

Subj:     Still More Opening Leads from Chapter 1, Part 6 (S536c)
          From Chapter 1 - "Opening Leads", page 19

Study the bidding carefully and then choose your opening
lead for each of the following hands.
 

Aggressive Leads Versus Trump Contracts

The next five deals illustrate cases where decisive action must be taken early:
 
1. West
7 3
A 9 5 3
10 9 8
K 10 6 2
West

Pass
Pass
Pass

North

2 Diamonds
3 Spades
Pass

East

Pass
Pass
Pass

South
1 Spade
2 Spades
4 Spades


 
2. West
A 7
J 5 4
J 10 9 2
A 8 6 3
West

Pass
Pass

North
1 Club
2 Spade
4 Spades
East
Pass
Pass
All Pass
South
1 Spade
3 Clubs


 
3. West
A 4 3 2
K J 9 7 6
8 3
J 8
West

Pass
Pass

North

2 Spade
Pass

East

Pass
Pass

South
1 Spade
4 Spade


 
4. West
7 4 3
A Q 5 2
6 5
J 10 9 8
West

Pass
Pass
Pass

North

2 Clubs
3 Spades
Pass

East

Pass
Pass
Pass

South
1 Diamond
3 Diamonds
5 Diamonds


 
5. West
Q 8 5
5 4 3
Q 8 6
A Q J 3
West

Pass
Pass
Pass
Pass

North

1 Spade
2 Spades
4 Diamonds
Pass

East

Pass
Pass
Pass
Pass

South
1 Diamond
2 Hearts
3 Hearts
5 Diamonds

When to lead a Trump

A trump lead may be the way to beat the contract.  For example:
 
6. West
K J 9 8
A 5 4
7 5 2
J 10 9
West

Pass
Pass

North

1 NT
4 Hearts

East

Pass
All Pass

South
1 Spade
3 Hearts


 
7. West
8 4 3
J 10
A J 9 5
K 10 7 2
West

Pass
Pass

North

2 Spades
4 Spades

East

Pass
All Pass

South
1 Spade
3 NT
.

.
8. West
A 6 2
J 10 6
A J
Q J 10 9 8
West

3 Clubs
4 Hearts
Double

North

3 Spades
4 Spades
Pass

East
1 Heart
4 Diamonds
Pass
Pass
South
2 Spades
Pass
Pass
Pass


.
9. West
A Q 10 7
K Q 9 5
Q 10 8 2
6
West

Double

North

Pass

East

Pass

South
1 Club
Pass

 

Figure out a strategy and then click 'HERE' for William's solution.
 
 

                            \\\// 
                           -(o o)- 
========================oOO==(_)==OOo=======================

Subj:     Still More Opening Leads from Chapter 1, Part 7 (S537c)
          From Chapter 1 - "Opening Leads", page 24

Study the bidding carefully and then choose your opening
lead for each of the following hands.
 

Short-Suit Leads

Leading a singleton is often a good choice because you may gain a trick by ruffing.  But singleton leads are not always good;  they sometimes expose your partner's holding in the suit and help declarer.  The best time to lead a singleton is when you have the right trump holding and there is a good chance that your partner will be able to get th lead and give you the ruff.  The next three illustrations show times when it is inadvisable to lead a singleton.
 
1. West
7
K Q 10
10 9 8 5
9 6 4 3 2
West

Pass
Pass

North

3 Hearts
Pass

East

Pass
Pass

South
1 Heart
4 Hearts


 
2. West
J 10 9 5
A 7 2
8
A Q 7 4 3
West

Pass
Pass

North

3 Hearts
Pass

East

Pass
Pass

South
1 Heart
4 Hearts


 
3. West
8 5 2
K
Q 9 7 4
K 10 6 4 3
West

Pass
Pass

North

2 Spade
Pass

East

Pass
Pass

South
1 Spade
4 Spade3


 
4. West
J 10 9 5
A 7 2
8
10 8 7 4 3
West

Pass
Pass

North

3 Hearts
Pass

East

Pass
Pass

South
1 Heart
4 Hearts


 
5. West
K 4
10 2
10 9 5 2
J 8 7 6 4
West

Pass
Pass

North

3 Hearts
Pass

East

Pass
Pass

South
1 Heart
4 Hearts


 
6. West
7 4 3
K J 5 2
8 4
Q 10 9 6
West

Pass
Pass

North

2 Clubs
4 Spades

East

Pass
All Pass

South
1 NT
2 Spades

 

Figure out a strategy and then click 'HERE' for William's solution.
 
 
 

                            \\\// 
                           -(o o)- 
========================oOO==(_)==OOo=======================

Subj:     Still More Opening Leads from Chapter 1, Part 8 (S538c)
          From Chapter 1 - "Opening Leads", page 26

Study the bidding carefully and then choose your opening
lead for each of the following hands.
 

When to Lead Partner's Suit

Here are five deals on the subject.
 
1. West
8 6 5
9 7 3
7 5 4 2
A Q 9
West

Pass
Pass

North

2 Hearts
Pass

East

2 Spades
Pass

South
1 Heart
4 Hearts


 
2. West
8 6
9 7 3
7 5 4 2
A 9 8 2
West

Pass
Pass

North

2 Hearts
Pass

East

2 Spades
Pass

South
1 Heart
4 Hearts


 
3. West
8 6 3 2
Q 7 4
J 9 8 2
10 3
West

Pass

North
1 NT
4 Spade
East
2 Hearts
All Pass
South
3 Spades


 
4. West
7 5 2
9 6
J 10 7 3
K Q J 4
West

2 Spades
Pass

North

3 Hearts
Pass

East
1 Spade
Pass
Pass
South
2 Hearts
4 Hearts


 
5. West
10 9 8
7 6 2
Q 9 8 5 4 3
7
West

Pass

North

4 Hearts

East
1 Spade
All Pass
South
2 Hearts

Leads Versus Slams

The opening leader must analyze the bidding and decide whether to make an aggressive lead or a passive lead against a slam.  Here are two illustrations:
 
6. West
7 3 2
10 8 7 2
6 4 3
K Q 5
West

Pass
Pass
Pass
Pass

North

2 Diamonds
4 Spades
5 Diamonds
Pass

East

Pass
Pass
Pass
Pass

South
1 Spade
3 Spades
4 NT
6 Spades


 
7. West
7 3 2
10 8 7 2
6 4 3
K 5 4
West

Pass
Pass
Pass
Pass

North

2 Diamonds
4 Spades
5 Diamonds
Pass

East

Pass
Pass
Pass
Pass

South
1 Spade
3 Spades
4 NT
6 Spades

 

Figure out a strategy and then click 'HERE' for William's solution.
 
 

                            \\\// 
                           -(o o)- 
========================oOO==(_)==OOo=======================

Subj:     Still More Opening Leads from Chapter 1, Part 9 (S539c)
          From Chapter 1 - "Opening Leads", page 30

Study the bidding carefully and then choose your opening
lead for each of the following hands.
 

Leads Versus Slams

The opening leader must analyze the bidding and decide whether to make an aggressive lead or a passive lead against a slam.  Here are three more slam illustrations to help you decide when it is right and when it is wrong to lead an ace against a slam:
 
1. West
J 7 4
6 5 2
A 10 9 3
10 9 8
West

Pass
Pass
Pass

North

3 Hearts
5 Hearts
Pass

East

Pass
Pass
Pass

South
1 Heart
4 NT
6 Hearts

You should lead an ace, if you have another trick, and if you are reasonably sure your ace will not be ruffed.  For example:
 
2. West
J 7 4
Q J 2
A 6 5 3
10 9 8
West

Pass
Pass
Pass

North

3 Hearts
5 Hearts
Pass

East

Pass
Pass
Pass

South
1 Heart
4 NT
6 Hearts

Underleading an ace versus a trump contract is a losing proposition in the long run.  The following deal is a rare exception; although a gambling lead, it cannot mislead your partner.
 
3. West
_
8 6 3
A K Q 4 3 2
9 7 6 5
West

2 Diamonds
Pass
Pass
Pass

North

3 Clubs
4 Hearts
5 Diamonds
Pass

East

Pass
Pass
Pass
Pass

South
1 Spade
3 Hearts
4 NT
6 Hearts

Lead-Directing Doubles of Artificial Bids

The double of any artificial bid calls for that suit to be led; it does not matter whether the eventual contract is played in notrump or in a suit.  The most common artificial bids are: a Stayman response to an opening notrump bid, a response to Blackwood or Gerber, a control-showing bid or a transfer bid.  Here are three examples:
 
4. West
J 10 2
7 4 3
J 8 6
Q J 9 5
West

Pass
Pass
Pass

North

3 Hearts
5 Diamonds
Pass

East

Pass
Double
Pass

South
1 Heart
4 NT
6 Hearts


 
5. West
9 7 3
10 9 6 5
Q 8
10 7 4 3
West

Pass
Pass
Pass

North

3 Spades
4 Diamonds
Pass

East

Pass
Double
Pass

South
1 Spade
4 Clubs
4 Spades


 
6. West
Q 10 4
7 2
Q 9 6 3
J 10 8 7
West

Pass
Pass
Pass

North

2 Hearts
3 NT
Pass

East

Double
Pass
Pass

South
1 NT
2 Spades
4 Spades

Lead-Directing Doubles of Slams Bid in A Suit

If your opponents arrive at a slam in a trump contract and your partner has the opening lead, a douboe calls for an "unusual lead."  For example:
 
7. West
7 4
Q 8 7 4 3 2
J 10 9
9 6
West

Pass
Pass
Pass

North

2 NT
3 Spades
Pass

East

Pass
Pass
Double

South
1 Spade
3 Hearts
6 Spades
All Pass


 
8. West
5 3 2
6 3
J 10 7
9 8 7 6 4
West

Pass
Pass
Pass
Pass

North

2 Clubs
4 Hearts
5 Hearts
Pass

East

3 Diamonds
Pass
Pass
Double

South
1 Spade
3 Hearts
4 NT
6 Hearts
All Pass

 

Figure out a strategy and then click 'HERE' for William's solution.
 
 

¤»¥«¤»§«¤»¥«¤»§«¤»¥«¤»§«¤»§«¤»¥«¤»¥«¤»§«¤»¥«¤»§«¤»¥«¤»§«¤»§«¤
 
 

I've only shown examples from Chapter 1 of the book "How To Defend A Bridge Hand".  Common decency prevents me from duplicating more of the book.  If you like what you have read, buy the book, and read it.  It will improve your bridge game.
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