Subj:     Facts5
                 (Includes 39 jokes and articles, 23988,4,cf,vXT2,2)

Bunny woth Binoculars
Includes the following:  Interesting Facts About Ernest Hemingway - Photo (S988)
.........................Eleven Interesting Facts (S804)
.........................Everything Is Possible - Video (S660)
.........................The Dangers Of Prescription Drugs
.........................Interesting World Facts (S660b, S670b)
.........................White Powder In The Mail (S249b)
.........................Flags And Day Of Morning (S243)
.........................Rolling Blackout Exemptions (S243)
.........................Teens Rob Bus (S240)
.........................Some Abortions Illegal (S239b)
.........................Two Sheriffs Arrest Diabetic (S238)
.........................Outrageous Recent Court Cases (S238)
.........................Doctor Gets Speeding Ticket (S237b, S657)
.........................Blowing Up The Family Car (S237b)
.........................Low Student Scores In New York (S235)
.........................Time Travel (S234)
.........................African's Thoughts on Condoms And Aids (S234)
.........................Three Year Old Criminal (S234)
.........................Computer Car Navigator All Wet (S234)
.........................Better Education Would Outlaw Stupid Crooks (S233)
.........................A Little History From the 1500s (S227, S444)
.........................When My Grandmother Was A Child (S162)
.........................Moon on December 22, 1999 (S150, DU)

Subj:     Interesting Facts About Ernest Hemingway (S988)
          From: tom on 12/18/2015
 Source: http://www.killadj.com/blog/2014/03/03/
Subj:     Eleven Interesting Facts (S804)
          From: tom on 6/7/2012

 Your history lesson for the day.

 Q: Why do men's clothes have buttons on the right while
    women's clothes have buttons on the left?

 A: When buttons were invented, they were very expensive
    and worn primarily by the rich.  Since most people are
    right-handed, it is easier to push buttons on the right
    through holes on the left.  Because wealthy women were
    dressed by maids, dressmakers put the buttons on the
    maid's right!  And that's where women's buttons have
    remained since.

 Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Suit_(clothing)
Drawing from tom on 8/21/2009
 Q: Why do ships and aircraft use 'mayday' as their call for help?

 A: This comes from the French word m'aidez -meaning 'help me' --
    and is pronounced, approximately, 'mayday.'

 Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mayday#History
 Q: Why are zero scores in tennis called 'love'?

 A: In France, where tennis became popular, round zero on the
    scoreboard looked like an egg and was called 'l'oeuf,'
    which is French for 'egg.' When tennis was introduced in
    the US, Americans (mis)pronounced it 'love.'

 Source (disputed): http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tennis_score
 Q. Why do X's at the end of a letter signify kisses?

 A: In the Middle Ages, when many people were unable to read
    or write, documents were often signed using an X.  Kissing
    the X represented an oath to fulfill obligations specified
    in the document. The X and the kiss eventually became synonymous.

 Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hugs_and_kisses
 Q: Why is shifting responsibility to someone else called
    'passing the buck'?

 A: In card games, it was once customary to pass an item, called
    a buck, from player to player to indicate whose turn it was
    to deal.  If a player did not wish to assume the responsibility
    of dealing, he would 'pass the buck' to the next player.

 Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Button_(poker)
 Q: Why do people clink their glasses before drinking a toast?

 A: It used to be common for someone to try to kill an enemy by
    offering him a poisoned drink.  To prove to a guest that a
    drink was safe, it became customary for a guest to pour a
    small amount of his drink into the glass of the host.  Both
    men would drink it simultaneously.  When a guest trusted his
    host, he would only touch or clink the host's glass with his own.

 Source (false): http://wiki.answers.com/Q/Why_Do_people_click_their_
 Q: Why are people in the public eye said to be 'in the limelight'?

 A: Invented in 1825, limelight was used in lighthouses and theatres
    by burning a cylinder of lime which produced a brilliant light.
    In the theatre, a performer 'in the limelight' was the centre of

 Source1: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Limelight
 Source2: http://www.neatorama.com/2008/08/07/origins-of-familiar-phrases/
 Q: Why is someone who is feeling great 'on cloud nine'?

 A: Types of clouds are numbered according to the altitudes they
    attain, with nine being the highest cloud.  If someone is said to
    be on cloud nine, that person is floating well above worldly cares.

 Source: http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_does_the_idiom_'on_cloud_nine'_mean
 Q: In golf, where did the term 'Caddie' come from?

 A. When Mary Queen of Scots went to France as a young girl,
    Louis, King of France, learned that she loved the Scots
    game 'golf.'  So he had the first course outside of
    Scotland built for her enjoyment.  To make sure she was
    properly chaperoned (and guarded) while she played, Louis
    hired cadets from a military school to accompany her.
    Mary liked this a lot and when returned to Scotland (not
    a very good idea in the long run), she took the practice
    with her.  In French, the word cadet is pronounced 'ca-day'
    and the Scots changed it into 'caddie.

 Source (disputed): http://wiki.answers.com/Q/Where_did_
 Q: Why are many coin banks shaped like pigs?

 A: Long ago, dishes and cookware in Europe were made of a
    dense orange clay called 'pygg'. When people saved coins
    in jars made of this clay, the jars became known as 'pygg
    banks.'  When an English potter misunderstood the word,
    he made a container that resembled a pig. And it caught on.

 Source (close): http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Piggy_bank
 Q: Did you ever wonder why dimes, quarters and half dollars
    have notches (milling), while pennies and nickels do not?

 A: The US Mint began putting notches on the edges of coins
    containing gold and silver to discourage holders from
    shaving off small quantities of the precious metals.
    Dimes, quarters and half dollars are notched because
    they used to contain silver.  Pennies and nickels aren't
    notched because the metals they contain are not valuable
    enough to shave.

 Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Milled_coinage

 So there! Now you know!

Subj:     Everything Is Possible (S660)
          From: Metacafe.com on 9/5/2009
 Source: http://www.youtube.com/embed/FUCSJQjPEu4

 This video "Everything Is Possible With Training"
 is impressive.  Click 'HERE', to see it.

Subj:     The Dangers Of Prescription Drugs
          From: Anon Jr. on 3/6/2007

 This article is NOT the usual joke or article that I include
 on my web site.  When Anon Jr. asked me a second time to put
 it on the site, I couldn't say no.  I hope that reading it
 will benefit you.

 Dr. Whitaker (MD) points out that a recent book by Dan Hurley
 titled Natural Causes:.... alleges that a "yearly average" of
 "approximately nine deaths" are "associated with - not
 definitely caused by - supplements." p.4 for March.

 But he puts this allegation into perspective by pointing out
 deaths every year, yes "annually" p.4, due to other causes:

 "accidents involving bicycles kill 784"

 "more than 1,000 choke to death on food and
 other household items"

 "motorcycles" kill "another 4,553"

 "accidental poisonings result in 4,833 deaths"

 "food causes 5,000 deaths annually"

 "aspirin and other over-the-counter NSAIDs are responsible
 for 16,000 fatalities"

 "automobiles" kill "a whopping 33,041"

 "the single most dangerous consumer products are FDA-approved
 prescription drugs.  When used exactly as prescribed, they
 result in 106,000 deaths per year - making them more than
 10,000 times more deadly than nutritional supplements."

 Dr. Whitaker advises you to keep these facts in mind when the
 "dark forces" attempt to convince us not to focus on the
 "single most dangerous consumer products" - "FDA-approved
 prescription drugs".

 March 2007 Health and Healing p.4

Subj:     Interesting World Facts (S660b, S670b)
          From: darrellvip on 9/2/2009
      and From: tom on 11/7/2009
 Drawing from University of Arizona
 Click 'HERE' to learn many interesting world facts.
Subj:     White Powder In The Mail (S249b)
          From: jerry on 11/6/2001

 Bonehead award two, goes to Nutricia, Ltd., a health food
 company in the UK which is planning, in the middle of the
 worldwide anthrax scare, to drop a MILLION letters into
 the mail containing a WHITE POWDER as part of a health
 product promotion.

 UK postal authorities are furious because, not only are
 they expecting terrified customers to be calling authorities
 in bunches, but also because they know that some of the
 packages will undoubtedly open and leak leaving little white
 powder specks all over other mail pieces which will add to
 the panic.

 UK Sun 5-Nov-01

Subj:     Flags And Day Of Morning (S243)
          From: jerry on 9/24/2001

 Bonehead award one , a ''political correctness gone mad
 bonehead award,'' goes to NCCI Holdings Inc. of Boca Raton,
 Florida who, on the national day of  mourning and prayer
 for those lost during the terrorist attacks, told their
 managers to go around their 850 person office and confiscate
 any American Flags, saying other workers might find them
 OFFENSIVE.  One worker who found the policy offensive says
 she was suspended for complaining.

 Many companies handed out flags to their employees that day.

 Palm Beach Post (Florida) 15-Sep-01

Subj:     Rolling Blackout Exemptions (S243)
          From: jerry on 9/25/2001

 Bonehead award two goes to the following companies and
 establishments that applied for exclusions from the recent
 California rolling blackouts by claiming that power
 interruptions to their businesses posed "a significant
 threat to public health or safety."

o Beverly Hills Liquor and Deli
o Big Burrito Kingdom
o Doty Donuts
o El Taco Loco
o Expert Nails
o Fantastic Burgers
o Gucci America Inc.
o House of Blues
o L.A. Dance Connection
o Pacific Coast Chocolates
o T-Shirt Mart
o Valencia Pancakes Inc.

Harpers Magazine via Steve Harvey of the LA Times.

Subj:     Teens Rob Bus (S240)
          From: bonehead on 8/29/2001

 Just wait until she gets him home!

 Bonehead award four goes to a teenager in Santiago, Chile
 who, along with two friends, boarded a bus with the intent
 to rob the passengers, threatening them and the driver
 with knives and a baseball bat until his mother, who
 happened to be aboard, began shouting at him to behave
 himself and get off the bus.

 Having a plain-clothes police officer on board just added
 to his hapless situation.

 His mother will be appearing at the trial as a witness.
 One way or another... he's grounded.

 Ananova 28-Aug-01

Subj:     Some Abortions Illegal (S239b)
          From: bonehead on 8/27/2001

 News Item: A UK government appointed organization says that
 many abortions are a violation of the disabilities act
 because they are done in response to having learned that
 the baby would be born extremely disabled and that this is
 discriminatory and offensive to disabled people and that
 "it reinforces negative stereotypes of disability" and
 abortions under these circumstances should be illegal.

 First Item: UK Telegraph 22-Aug-01 ?http://portal.telegraph.

Subj:     Two Sheriffs Arrest Diabetic (S238)
          From: bonehead on 8/22/2001

 Two Frederick County, Virginia sheriffs who, believing a
 man in a diabetic coma was drunk and ignoring their
 commands, broke his truck's window, sprayed him with pepper
 spray, beat him with batons, and had a police dog attack
 him leaving him with multiple bites and an extended hospital
 stay that sparked a grand jury and a Justice Department
 investigation, are now suing the man for $68,000 claiming
 that his complaints about the incident have hurt their careers.

 WJLA-TV via Yahoo News via http://www.overlawyered.com

Subj:     Outrageous Recent Court Cases (S238)
..........From: JBCARY1 on 8/16/2001

 1. January 2000: Kathleen Robertson of Austin Texas was
 awarded $780,000.00 by a jury of her peers after breaking
 her ankle tripping over a toddler who was running amok
 inside a furniture store.

 The owners of the  store were understandably surprised at
 the verdict, considering the misbehaving tyke was Ms.
 Robertson's son.

 2. June 1998: A 19 year old Carl Truman of Los Angeles
 won $74,000.00 and medical expenses when his neighbor
 ran over his hand with a Honda Accord.

 Mr. Truman apparently didn't notice someone was at the
 wheel of the car whose hubcap he was trying to steal.

 3. October 1998: A Terrence Dickson of Bristol Pennsylvania
 was exiting a house he finished robbing by way of the
 garage.  He was not able to get the garage door to go up,
 the automatic door opener was malfunctioning.  He couldn't
 reenter the house because the door connecting the house
 and garage locked when he pulled it shut.  The family was
 on vacation, so Mr. Dickson found himself locked in the
 garage for eight days.  He subsisted on a case of Pepsi he
 found, and a large bag of dry dog food.

 This upset Mr. Dickson, so he sued the homeowner's
 insurance company claiming the situation caused him undue
 mental anguish.  The jury agreed to the tune of half a
 million dollars and change.

 4. October 1999: Jerry Williams of Little Rock Arkansas
 was awarded $14,500.00 and medical expenses after being
 bitten on the buttocks by his next door neighbor's beagle.
 The beagle was on a chain in it's owner's fenced in yard,
 as was Mr. Williams.  The award was less than sought
 after because the jury felt the dog may have been provoked
 by Mr. Williams who, at the time, was shooting it repeatedly
 with a pellet gun.

 5. May 2000: A Philadelphia restaurant was ordered to pay
 Amber Carson of Lancaster Pennsylvania $113,500.00 after
 she slipped on a spilled soft drink and broke her coccyx.
 The beverage was on the floor because Ms. Carson threw
 it at her boyfriend 30 seconds earlier during an argument.

 6. December 1997: Kara Walton of Claymont, Delaware
 successfully sued the owner of a night club in a neighboring
 city when she fell from the bathroom window to the floor and
 knocked out her two front teeth.  This occurred while Ms.
 Walton was trying to sneak through the window in the lady's
 room to avoid paying the $3.50 cover charge.  She was awarded
 $12,000.00 and dental expenses.

From: jessnordman@msn.com on 1/10/2002
 7. And just so you know that cooler heads do occasionally
 prevail: Kenmore Inc., the makers of Dorothy Johnson's
 microwave, were found not liable for the death of Mrs.
 Johns's poodle after she gave it a bath and attempted to
 dry it by putting the poor creature in her microwave for
 "just a few minutes, on low." The case was quickly dismissed.

Subj:     Doctor Gets Speeding Ticket (S237b, S657)
          From: bonehead on 8/14/2001

 The New Zealand Health Minister, Annette King, is unhappy
 with the police who are refusing to waive a $510 speeding
 fine against a doctor who was caught by a camera speeding
 as he was responding to an emergency call in a rural area
 where no ambulances are available.  The doctor is part of
 the "Primary Response in Medical Emergency" system, created
 by the government, which encourages doctors in areas that
 do not have quick access to emergency care, to provide the
 service instead.

 "I would have hoped that common sense would have prevailed
 but it seems the police have decided to ... send it to the
 court, which I think shows a lack of judgement on their
 behalf," says Ms. King.

 "If every time (doctors) do it they're going to get a
 speeding ticket and cost them $500 we're going to have
 people not wanting to participate and that's going to be
 ridiculous," she continued.

 N.Z.P.A. (New Zealand) via Stuff.com 14-Aug-01
 from http://www.stuff.co.nz

Subj:     Blowing Up The Family Car (S237b)
          From: bonehead on 8/14/2001

 Bonehead award one goes to a man in Black Country, in the UK,
 who had to find a way to explain to his wife why it was
 necessary for the army to blow up part of the family car.

 He had received a box in the mail, with no return address,
 and fearing it might be a bomb, loaded it into the trunk
 (the ''boot'' to some) and drove it down to the police
 where it was detonated and found to contain a bottle of
 cologne from one of his girlfriends.  The insurance
 company says the damage is not covered by insurance either.
 I wonder if his health insurance will cover any damage done
 to him by a wife who detonated.

 Birmingham Post and Mail (UK) 13-Aug-01

Subj:     Low Student Scores In New York (S235)
          From: bonehead on 7/30/2001

 Bonehead award two goes to a Brooklyn, New York Social
 Studies teacher and the New York City Board of Education.

 The teacher, teaching a summer school class of young people
 who are having trouble in school, sent three letters to the
 New York Post complaining about low teacher salaries, poor
 student attendance and lack of parent involvement.  He
 should have included unqualified teachers as one of the
 complaints, as his incoherent letters would indicate.

 "Only if our society realize that there are so many factors
 contributing to a student's test score, then teachers will
 be willing to take the blam game.  Who is to blam when
 students don't do homeworks? who is to blam when pareants
 don't care to come to the teacher pareant conference?"  He
 even misspelled his own course as ''socail studies.''

 And how could he have possibly passed the state teacher
 licensing exams when he cannot even write coherently?

 According to Schools Chancellor Harold Levy, the tests are
 not difficult.  Worse, they are not difficult and yet 12
 percent of New York schoolteachers who currently teach,
 have flunked the state Education Department's liberal
 arts and science test and the classroom test.

 And what says the New York City Board of Education
 President Ninfa Segarra?

 "We have some issues with teaching quality.  An example
 like this shows it's worse than we might have thought."

 New York Post 13-Jul-01

Subj:     Time Travel (S234)
          From: bonehead on 7/25/2001

 Professor Ronald L. Mallett, professor of physics at the
 University of Connecticut, says he has found the secret to
 travelling back and forward in time, and many colleagues
 are taking him seriously.

 He says he has the mathematics to back up his theory and
 hopes in the next 10 years to send subatomic particles back
 in time, and then, eventually, to transport humans.

 It's based on Einstein's general theory of relativity that
 says gravity is the curvature of space-time.  This is why
 strong gravitational fields can bend light and slow down
 clocks [all clocks, equally, whether they be mechanical,
 chemical, atomic, biological, whatever].  You age slower
 as the gravitational field you are near becomes stronger.

 So if one sends a laser beam into a circle then a gravi-
 tational field is created which therefore bends space.
 Anything put into the middle of the light loop is dragged
 around by the gravitational force.  So having two laser
 lights going in opposite directions, and controlling the
 intensity of the light or slowing it down (using work
 done at Harvard University and Harvard-Smithsonian labs
 recently), the gravitational field intensifies.  Get the
 gravitational field up high enough and time becomes space.
 And if time becomes space, then moving in space is
 equivalent to moving in time, forward or backward.  It's
 just a cakewalk back to the 50s or into the next decade.

 Hartford Courant 23-Jul-01

Subj:     African's Thoughts on Condoms And Aids (S234)
          From: 'Perspective Column' on page 17
          in July 23, 2001 issue of Newsweek

 "It's like eating a sweet with the wrapper; you cannot do
 that.  You have to have sex, those who will die will die,
 and whoever does not get AIDS, then good for him."
 Kenyan cab driver James Karijoki, ignoring President
 Daniel arap Moi's calls to use condoms or abstain from
 sex to curb the spread of AIDS.

Subj:     Three Year Old Criminal (S234)
          From: Scott's Joke Archive on 7/22/01

 On October 1, Mikey Sproul, age 3, made national news when
 he commandeered the family car, which had one flat tire,
 and cruised down U. S. 41 near Tampa, Fla., hitting two
 parked cars and narrowly missing several moving ones.
 Mikey's assessment: "I go zoom."

 On November 11, using a cigarette lighter, Mikey burned
 down his family's house, sending his father to the hospital
 with second- and third-degree burns.  Mikey's assessment:
 "Now I have no more house."  [Tampa Tribune, 10-2-93;
 Minneapolis Star Tribune-AP, 11-14-93] (304)

Subj:     Computer Car Navigator All Wet (S234)
          POTSDAM, Germany (AP)
          From: Scott's Joke Archive on 7/22/01

 A German couple out for a Christmas drive ended up in a
 river, apparently because their luxury car's computer forgot
 to mention they had to wait for a ferry.  The driver and his
 passenger were not injured in the accident, police said

 Several companies sell computer navigators, some which are
 attached to dashboards and serve as electronic road maps.
 Some offer traffic updates and Internet connections.

 The German couple was driving Friday night when they came
 to a ferry crossing at the Havel River in Caputh.  That
 information was never stored in the satellite-steered
 navigation system they were using.  The driver kept going
 straight in the dark, expecting a bridge, and ended up in
 the water.

Subj:     Better Education Would Outlaw Stupid Crooks (S233) 
             By DAVE BARRY 
             Published Sunday, July 15, 2001 in Miami Herald 
Our educational system is failing. Our schools are producing students who are -- to quote from the conclusion of an 858-page report recently issued by a distinguished blue-ribbon Presidential Task Force On Educational Quality -- ``stupid.'' 
The drop in our national IQ has caused many problems, including Limp Bizkit, feng shui, the U.S. Department of Education and the cancerous growth of ``reality-based'' TV shows (``Tonight on Passion Farm: Nine complete strangers churn butter!''). 

But the most serious problem is that, as our population gets dumber, it becomes harder and harder to find qualified workers. Nowhere is this disturbing trend more evident than in the field of crime.

Not so long ago, American criminals ranked among the best in the world. Foreigners were terrified to come here because our criminals were so good at making our streets unsafe. Today, however, we are producing incompetent criminals who not only have allowed the crime rate to drop alarmingly, but who also, when they DO attempt to break the law, commit crimes of a quality that is, frankly, embarrassing.

Consider a story from the March 10 issue of The (Annapolis, Md.) Capital, written by Brian Schleter and sent in by many alert readers. According to this article, an alleged parole violator was about to be taken into custody in the county courthouse in Annapolis when he suddenly ran from the courtroom. So far, so good; criminals are supposed to flee. The suspect, pursued by sheriff's deputies, ran into the nearby Maryland Inn, where he hid in a closet. This is still acceptably competent criminal behavior.

But then, according to The Capital, the man decided to disguise himself by putting on a bunny suit. I am not making this up. For some reason, which is not explained in The Capital article, the closet contained a full-size bunny suit, with large pink ears, and the suspect climbed into it. Maybe he thought this would fool the deputies.

FIRST DEPUTY: He ran into that closet!

SECOND DEPUTY (opening closet door): Nope! There's nobody in here but a giant bunny!


But the deputies were not deceived, and they apprehended the suspect after a struggle. The Capital quotes an inn employee as saying: ``It looked like they were attacking the Easter Bunny.''

As pathetic as that criminal was, he was Albert Einstein compared to our next example, whose story is told in a March 10 Albuquerque (N.M.) Journal article written by Jeff Jones and sent in by several alert readers. This article states that a man armed with a knife held up a Taco Bell and got $2,300. The robber wore a ski mask to disguise his identity. This plan would have worked flawlessly, except that, during the robbery, the robber made one teensy mistake: He pulled one of the Taco Bell workers aside, lifted his mask, and said, quote, ``It's me, Tim.''

Yes. It turns out that the robber used to work at this Taco Bell, and he chose that particular moment to say hi to a former co-worker. This meant that the police had a pretty good clue as to the identity of the robber -- namely, his name -- and thus were able to apprehend him, which is good, inasmuch as a person of his apparent mental caliber should not be walking around with a sharp object.

Speaking of weapons, another excellent example of the modern criminal mind is reported in a 1999 article from the Billings (Mont.) Gazette sent in by alert reader Jon Hauxwell, M.D. This article concerns a man who attempted to hold up a Billings gas station by pointing his finger at the clerk. According to a police spokesperson, the would-be robber ``took off running when the clerk said `no'.''

What a moron! You'd think our educational system would at LEAST have taught this man that, if he's going to scare people with his finger, he must demonstrate its menace by pointing it at the ceiling and going, ``Bang! Bang!''

I could give more examples, but you get my point: The once-proud American crime industry has become a joke. To turn the situation around, we need better-educated criminals; to produce them, we must give our schools more resources, in the form of money. That is why I want you to put cash in an envelope and mail it to me, so I can give it to the schools. I'm talking about ALL your cash. Do it RIGHT NOW. Or else. Because this finger is loaded.

Subj:     A Little History From the 1500s (S227, S444)
          From: flovilla on 6/2/2001
      and From: auntiegah on 7/22/2005
 Source: http://www.snopes.com/language/phrases/1500.asp

 Here are some facts about the 1500s:

 Most people got married in June because they took their
 yearly bath in May and still smelled pretty good by June.
 However, they were starting to smell so brides carried a
 bouquet of flowers to hide the body odor.

 Baths consisted of a big tub filled with hot water.  The
 man of the house had the privilege of the nice clean water,
 then all the other sons and men, then the women and finally
 the children -- last of all the babies.  By then the water
 was so dirty you could actually lose someone in it-hence
 the saying, "Don't throw the baby out with the bath water."

 Houses had thatched roofs-thick straw, piled high, with no
 wood underneath.  It was the only place for animals to get
 warm, so all the dogs, cats and other small animals (mice
 rats, and bugs) lived in the roof.  When it rained it became
 slippery and sometimes the animals would slip and fall off
 the  roof -- hence the saying "It's raining cats and dogs."
 There was nothing to stop things from falling into the
 house.  This posed a real problem in the bedroom where bugs
 and other droppings could really mess up your nice clean bed.
 Hence, a bed with big posts and a sheet hung over the top
 afforded some protection.  That's how canopy beds came into

 The floor was dirt.  Only the wealthy had something other
 than dirt, hence the saying "dirt poor."  The wealthy had
 slate floors that would get slippery in the winter when wet,
 so they spread thresh on the floor to help keep their footing.
 As the winter wore on, they kept adding more thresh until,
 when you opened the door, it would all start slipping outside.
 A piece of wood was placed in the entranceway -- hence, a
 "thresh hold."

 They cooked in the kitchen with a big kettle that always hung
 over the fire.  Every day they lit the fire and added things
 to the pot.  They ate mostly vegetables and did not get much
 meat.  They would eat the stew for dinner, leaving leftovers
 in the pot to get cold overnight and then start over the next
 day.  Sometimes the stew had food in it that had been there
 for quite a while -- hence the rhyme, "peas porridge hot,
 peas porridge cold, peas porridge in the pot nine days old."

 Sometimes they could obtain pork, which made them feel quite
 special.  When visitors came over, they would hang up their
 bacon to show off.  It was a sign of wealth that a man "could
 bring home the bacon."  They would cut off a little to share
 with guests and would all sit around and "chew the fat."

 Those with money had plates made of pewter.  Food with a high
 acid content caused some of the lead to leach onto the food,
 causing lead poisoning and death.  This happened most often
 with tomatoes, so for the next 400 years or so, tomatoes were
 considered poisonous.

 Most people did not have pewter plates, but had trenchers, a
 piece of wood with the middle scooped out like a bowl.  Often
 trenchers were made from stale pays and bread which was so
 old and hard that they could use them for quite some time.
 Trenchers were never washed and a lot of times worms and mold
 got into the wood and old bread.  After eating off wormy
 moldy trenchers, one would get "trench mouth."

 Bread was divided according to status.  Workers got the burnt
 bottom of the loaf, the family got the middle, and guests got
 the top, or "upper crust."

 Lead cups were used to drink ale or whiskey.  The combination
 would sometimes knock them out for a couple of days.  Someone
 walking along the road would take them for dead and prepare
 them for burial.  They were laid out on the kitchen table for
 a couple of days and the family would gather around and eat
 and drink and wait and see if they would wake up hence the
 custom of holding a "wake."

 England is old and small and they started out running out of
 places to bury people.  So they would dig up coffins and
 would take the bones to a "bone-house" and reuse the grave.
 When reopening these coffins, 1 out of 25 coffins were found
 to have scratch marks on the inside and they realized they
 had been burying people alive.  So they thought they would
 tie a string on the wrist of the corpse, lead it through the
 coffin and up through the ground and tie it to a bell.
 Someone would have to sit out in the graveyard all night
 (the "graveyard shift") to listen for the bell; thus, some-
 one could be "saved by the bell" or was considered a "dead

 And that's the truth... (and whoever said that History was

 This is a great story, but it is a hoax.  See Snopes.com at

Subj:     When My Grandmother Was A Child (S162)
          From: RFSlick on 2/26/00

 A Hundred Years Ago --

 (From a book called "When My Grandmother Was a Child" by
 Leigh W. Rutledge, which begins, "In the summer of 1900,
 when my grandmother was a child...")

 - The average life expectancy in the United States was forty-seven.

 - Only 14 percent of the homes in the United States had a bathtub.

 - Only 8 percent of the homes had a telephone. A three-minute
   call from Denver to New York City cost eleven dollars.

 - There were only 8,000 cars in the US and only 144 miles
   of paved roads.  The maximum speed limit in most cities
   was ten mph.

 - Alabama, Mississippi, Iowa, and Tennessee were each more
   heavily populated than California.  With a mere 1.4 million
   residents, California was only the twenty-first most populous
   state in the Union.

 - The tallest structure in the world was the Eiffel Tower.

 - The average wage in the US was twenty-two cents an hour. The
   average US worker made between $200 and $400 per year.

 - A competent accountant could expect to earn $2000 per year,
   a dentist $2500 per year, a veterinarian between $1500 and
   $4000 per year, and a mechanical engineer about $5000 per year.

 - More than 95 percent of all births in the United States took
   place at home.

 - Ninety percent of all US physicians had no college education.
   Instead, they attended medical schools, many of which were
   condemned in the press and by the government as "substandard."

 - Sugar cost four cents a pound.  Eggs were fourteen cents a
   dozen.  Coffee cost fifteen cents a pound.

 - Most women only washed their hair once a month and used borax
   or egg yolks for shampoo.

 - Canada passed a law prohibiting poor people from entering the
   country for any reason, either as travelers or immigrants.

 - The five leading causes of death in the US were: 1) Pneumonia
   and influenza, 2) Tuberculosis, 3) Diarrhea, 4) Heart disease,
   5) Stroke.

 - The American flag had 45 stars. Arizona, Oklahoma, New Mexico,
   Hawaii and Alaska hadn't been admitted to the Union yet.

 - Drive-by shootings -- in which teenage boys galloped down the
   street on horses and started randomly shooting at houses,
   carriages, or anything else that caught their fancy -- were
   an ongoing problem in Denver and other cities in the West.

 - The population of Las Vegas, Nevada was thirty. The remote
   desert community was inhabited by only a handful of ranchers
   and their families.

 - Plutonium, insulin, and antibiotics hadn't been discovered
   yet.  Scotch tape, crossword puzzles, canned beer, and iced
   tea hadn't been invented.

 - There was no Mother's Day or Father's Day.

 - One in ten US adults couldn't read or write.  Only 6 percent
   of all Americans had graduated from high school.

 - Some medical authorities warned that professional seamstresses
   were apt to become sexually aroused by the steady rhythm, hour
   after hour, of the sewing machine's foot pedals.  They
   recommended slipping bromide - which was thought to diminish
   sexual desire - into the women's drinking water.

 - Marijuana, heroin, and morphine were all available over the
   counter at corner drugstores. According to one pharmacist,
   "Heroin clears the complexion, gives buoyancy to the mind,
   regulates the stomach and the bowels, and is, in fact, a
   perfect guardian of health."

 - Coca-Cola contained cocaine instead of caffeine.

 - Punch-card data processing had recently been developed, and
   early predecessors of the modern computer were used for the
   first time by the government to help compile the 1900 census.

 - Eighteen percent of households in the United States had at
   least one full-time servant or domestic.

 - There were about 230 reported murders in the US annually.

Subj:     Moon on December 22, 1999 (S150, DU)
          From: gheckman on 12/15/1999

 Last Lunar Hurrah of the Millennium.

 This year will be the first full moon to occur on the winter
 solstice, December 22, commonly called the First Day of Winter,
 in 133 years.  Since the full moon on the winter solstice will
 occur in conjunction with a lunar perigee, the point in the
 moon's orbit that is closest to Earth, the moon will appear
 about 14 per cent larger than it does at apogee, the point in
 its elliptical orbit that is farthest from the Earth.  The Earth
 is also several million miles closer to the sun than in the
 summer, and sunlight striking the moon will be about 7 per cent
 stronger making it brighter.  Also, this will be the closest
 perigee of the Moon of the year, since the moon's orbit is
 constantly deforming.

 In layman's terms, it will be a super bright full moon, much
 more than the usual AND it hasn't happened this way for 133
 years.  If the weather is clear and there isn't a snow cover
 where you live, it is believed that even car headlights will
 be superfluous. Our ancestors 133 years ago saw this. Our
 descendants 100 or so years from now will see this again.

 Remember, this will happen December 22, 1999.

                           -(o o)-
..............................Smiley from Smiley_Central.